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Probiotics, in short, are good bacteria that live peacefully in our intestines and keep us healthy. They come from one of the two groups of bacteria called Lactobacillus or Bifidobacterium, and are live microorganisms similar to the good-deed-doers we already have inside us. Breastfed and vaginally born children tend to have a relatively higher amount of both the bacteria in their body. Probiotics are also found in foods like yoghurt, sprouts, pressed salads, cheese and fermented beverages.
The gut goes through a lot- every day. Wrong eating habits, junk food, excessive use of oil and spices, processed foods, etc destroy the probiotics in the gut. In children, external pollution, food adulteration and exposure to dirt lead to the destruction of the probiotics. Antibiotics, also wash away most of the bacteria, including the good ones from the baby's system.
Probiotics act like soldiers to ward off illness, destroying the harmful bacteria. Apart from restoring good bacteria count, probiotics are also beneficial in treating bowel diseases, stomach ulcers, allergies, eczema, colds, flu and ear infections. However, probiotics are most beneficial in treating diarrhoea, that often affects kids during travel or in new environments.
It is often recommended to start introducing your baby to fermented foods and drinks gradually. Breastmilk has all the nutrients your baby needs and is also a good probiotic in itself. So, if you are breastfeeding your baby, you don't have to look any further! However, you can boost probiotic in your milk by including fruits and vegetables like bananas, onions, artichoke and apple skin.
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If your baby is old enough to have solids, then yoghurts and high fibre foods can help to build a good environment with healthy bacteria in the body. Infants who have not been introduced to solids can also be given probiotics in the form of supplements. Probiotic supplements come in various forms like formula powder, drops, dissolvable tablets etc. However, make sure you consult your doctor before you introduce them to your baby.
Bid goodbye to those pricey yoghurts and shakes sold in the markets. Some of our very own Indian dishes will give your baby's gut a natural bacteria-fix.
Like you already know, dahi or yoghurt is rich in probiotic. However, the homemade dahi can be the best bet for kids. Allowing it to ferment for a good 10-12 hours will ensure that majority of the lactose (milk sugar) is used up and the strength of the probiotic culture has been established. Store bought yoghurts are often fermented with chemicals.
2. Idli/ Dosa
Our very own idlis and dosas are made by fermenting urad dhal, which is a rich source of good bacteria. They are light on your kids' stomach plus low in calories. So, make sure you add them to your weekly meal plan.
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This traditional Gujarati dish is made using a batter of fermented besan, rice and dhal. Plus this dish also requires dahi. So that's double the dose of probiotic. However, do not overdo the dish as besan might cause your kid a stomach upset.
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You can also include lettuce leaves, feta cheese and sprouts to your child's diet.
This post has been written with inputs from Nutritionist Dhvani Shah
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